Configuration

When you initialize your project using the Init Command, Phinx creates a default file called phinx.yml in the root of your project directory. This file uses the YAML data serialization format.

If a --configuration command line option is given, Phinx will load the specified file. Otherwise, it will attempt to find phinx.php, phinx.json or phinx.yml and load the first file found. See the Commands chapter for more information.

Warning

Remember to store the configuration file outside of a publicly accessible directory on your webserver. This file contains your database credentials and may be accidentally served as plain text.

Note that while JSON and YAML files are parsed, the PHP file is included. This means that:

  • It must return an array of configuration items.
  • The variable scope is local, i.e. you would need to explicitly declare any global variables your initialization file reads or modifies.
  • Its standard output is suppressed.
  • Unlike with JSON and YAML, it is possible to omit environment connection details and instead specify connection which must contain an initialized PDO instance. This is useful when you want your migrations to interact with your application and/or share the same connection. However remember to also pass the database name as Phinx cannot infer this from the PDO connection.
require 'app/init.php';

global $app;
$pdo = $app->getDatabase()->getPdo();

return array('environments' =>
         array(
           'default_database' => 'development',
           'development' => array(
             'name' => 'devdb',
             'connection' => $pdo
           )
         )
       );

Migration Path

The first option specifies the path to your migration directory. Phinx uses %%PHINX_CONFIG_DIR%%/db/migrations by default.

Note

%%PHINX_CONFIG_DIR%% is a special token and is automatically replaced with the root directory where your phinx.yml file is stored.

In order to overwrite the default %%PHINX_CONFIG_DIR%%/db/migrations, you need to add the following to the yaml configuration.

paths:
    migrations: /your/full/path

You can also use the %%PHINX_CONFIG_DIR%% token in your path.

paths:
    migrations: %%PHINX_CONFIG_DIR%%/your/relative/path

Migrations are captured with glob, so you can define a pattern for multiple directories.

paths:
    migrations: %%PHINX_CONFIG_DIR%%/module/*/{data,scripts}/migrations

Custom Migration Base

By default all migrations will extend from Phinx’s AbstractMigration class. This can be set to a custom class that extends from AbstractMigration by setting migration_base_class in your config:

migration_base_class: MyMagicalMigration

Seed Path

The second option specifies the path to your seed directory. Phinx uses %%PHINX_CONFIG_DIR%%/db/seeds by default.

Note

%%PHINX_CONFIG_DIR%% is a special token and is automatically replaced with the root directory where your phinx.yml file is stored.

In order to overwrite the default %%PHINX_CONFIG_DIR%%/db/seeds, you need to add the following to the yaml configuration.

paths:
    seeds: /your/full/path

You can also use the %%PHINX_CONFIG_DIR%% token in your path.

paths:
    seeds: %%PHINX_CONFIG_DIR%%/your/relative/path

Environments

One of the key features of Phinx is support for multiple database environments. You can use Phinx to create migrations on your development environment, then run the same migrations on your production environment. Environments are specified under the environments nested collection. For example:

environments:
    default_migration_table: phinxlog
    default_database: development
    production:
        adapter: mysql
        host: localhost
        name: production_db
        user: root
        pass: ''
        port: 3306
        charset: utf8
        collation: utf8_unicode_ci

would define a new environment called production.

In a situation when multiple developers work on the same project and each has a different environment (e.g. a convention such as <environment type>-<developer name>-<machine name>), or when you need to have separate environments for separate purposes (branches, testing, etc) use environment variable PHINX_ENVIRONMENT to override the default environment in the yaml file:

export PHINX_ENVIRONMENT=dev-`whoami`-`hostname`

Table Prefix and Suffix

You can define a table prefix and table suffix:

environments:
    development:
        ....
        table_prefix: dev_
        table_suffix: _v1
    testing:
        ....
        table_prefix: test_
        table_suffix: _v2

Socket Connections

When using the MySQL adapter, it is also possible to use sockets instead of network connections. The socket path is configured with unix_socket:

environments:
    default_migration_table: phinxlog
    default_database: development
    production:
        adapter: mysql
        name: production_db
        user: root
        pass: ''
        unix_socket: /var/run/mysql/mysql.sock
        charset: utf8

External Variables

Phinx will automatically grab any environment variable prefixed with PHINX_ and make it available as a token in the config file. The token will have exactly the same name as the variable but you must access it by wrapping two %% symbols on either side. e.g: %%PHINX_DBUSER%%. This is especially useful if you wish to store your secret database credentials directly on the server and not in a version control system. This feature can be easily demonstrated by the following example:

environments:
    default_migration_table: phinxlog
    default_database: development
    production:
        adapter: mysql
        host: %%PHINX_DBHOST%%
        name: %%PHINX_DBNAME%%
        user: %%PHINX_DBUSER%%
        pass: %%PHINX_DBPASS%%
        port: 3306
        charset: utf8

Supported Adapters

Phinx currently supports the following database adapters natively:

SQLite

Declaring an SQLite database uses a simplified structure:

environments:
    development:
        adapter: sqlite
        name: ./data/derby
    testing:
        adapter: sqlite
        memory: true     # Setting memory to *any* value overrides name

SQL Server

When using the sqlsrv adapter and connecting to a named instance you should omit the port setting as SQL Server will negotiate the port automatically. Additionally, omit the charset: utf8 or change to charset: 65001 which corresponds to UTF8 for SQL Server.

Custom Adapters

You can provide a custom adapter by registering an implementation of the Phinx\Db\Adapter\AdapterInterface with AdapterFactory:

$name  = 'fizz';
$class = 'Acme\Adapter\FizzAdapter';

AdapterFactory::instance()->registerAdapter($name, $class);

Adapters can be registered any time before $app->run() is called, which normally called by bin/phinx.

Aliases

Template creation class names can be aliased and used with the --class command line option for the Create Command.

The aliased classes will still be required to implement the Phinx\Migration\CreationInterface interface.

aliases:
    permission: \Namespace\Migrations\PermissionMigrationTemplateGenerator
    view: \Namespace\Migrations\ViewMigrationTemplateGenerator